France roads

UK’s Road Transporters Should Be Ready for Vehicle Safety Changes in France

UK Logistics businesses are being warned to comply with new French safety regulations introduced on the 1st January or risk facing fines.

The legislation states that all vehicles weighing in excess of 3.5 tonnes driving in France must display stickers indicating driver blind spots. This extends to passenger transport and commercial vehicles. Additionally, all vehicles should be fitted with at least one indirect vision safety system, such as mirrors with a field of view that allows for no blind spots that are likely to obscure a vehicle about to overtake it. It also states that control devices must be in reach of the driver to use when the vehicle is moving.

This comes as welcome news to road safety campaigners and experts but have also issued the warning that mirrors are not sufficient to eliminate blind spots.

Emily Hardy from market leading provider Brigade Electronics UK, commented: “This legislation is a welcome change; however, it is important for operators to understand that mirrors alone do not eliminate blind spots. Therefore, they could still be fined according to the legislation’s requirements. We recommend fitting a range of vehicle safety technology such as Brigade’s DVS Safe System kits, to ensure operators comply with legislation across Europe and that drivers have full visibility of their vehicle’s surroundings.”

These kits are available in two different types; for rigid and articulated vehicles and include side cameras, ultrasonic sensors for the nearside of the vehicle and an alarm that activates when the vehicle is turning. Both kits are compliant with London’s Direct Vision Standard as well as EU law which gives drivers peace of mind when crossing the border.

Lafarge is one of the many companies to have benefitted from installing the kits to its fleet of concrete mixing trucks. With road safety being a concern for all of the construction industry, the company took progressive action to ensure the safety of their vehicles.

As well as the kits, Lafarge also installed Brigade’s bb-tek White Sound reversing alarm and Brigades Backeye 360, a camera designed to provide drivers with a 360-degree view of the vehicle.

President of Trans Route Béton, Othmane Jennane said: “With just one look, drivers have a complete surround view of the vehicle without any blind spots and the added peace of mind that pedestrians will also be warned by the white sound alarm. It provides absolute safety.”

This could potentially spell out further bad news for UK Logistics companies and driving within Europe as many changes to Customs regulations are being made as a result of Brexit.

Another challenge that firms have desperately tried to mitigate before 31st December was the sourcing of a sufficient number of customs clerks to be trained up and ready before the implementation of the new trading regime. Speaking last Autumn, Barney Weston, managing director of Oceanic Resources International warned that serious shortage was unavoidable.

On the current situation, he said: “I think most (firms) managed to get the bulk of their teams in place before the end of the year, but training and ‘filling the gaps’ continues. In most cases a Customs and Compliance Manager/ Brexit Head is in place (in firms) giving the strategic lead on how to handle the UK’s new trading relationship.”

He went on to say: “I know that in many cases training and upskilling is on-going, and there is still high demand for people to fill customs clerk positions, but it’s hard to accurately quantify this in numbers. Certainly, anyone who has ever sniffed a customs clearance in their career history is still worth their weight in gold!”

“I think the whole industry will have a clearer picture on the situation by the end of the month; so much was unknown heading into Brexit. I think that shortly people will know if they can handle demand with the current staff levels or if more will be needed.”

Air Cargo

Global Air Cargo Volumes Recover to Pre-COVID levels inside 10 Months

The global air cargo market has virtually recovered from the losses that the COVID-19 pandemic caused according to performance data for February 2021 from industry analysts CLIVE Data services and TAC index.

Chargeable weight for the last 4 weeks of the month, stood at 1% compared to February 2019 and 2% ahead of last year’s number. Niall van de Wouw, Managing Director of CLIVE data services commented the following that passenger airlines will be, “dreaming of such a recovery in passenger demand.”

CLIVE data will continue to compare first to market data to pre-pandemic numbers of 2019, to give a meaningful perspective of the industry’s performance. This is planned to occur until at least Q3 of this year. This will be produced alongside the 2020 comparison.

Capacity levels in February 2021 were -8% and -5% of 2019 and 2020 respectively. CLIVE’s load factor calculated both the volume and weight perspectives of cargo flown and capacity available was up 5% pts on February 2019 and 9% pts on February 2020. The overall dynamic load factor was the same as last months while the monthly volumes climbed 7% despite the short month of February as capacity rose 5% over January.

Van de Wouw added: “These are tricky months to compare due to the Chinese New Year and Leap Year variances, so we have to be careful in how we read the market. To give a meaningful view, it makes sense to keep an eye out to 2019 before the pandemic took hold and, on that basis, air cargo demand is now nearly at par with pre-COVID volumes despite much less capacity in the market. If we normalise for last year’s Leap Year, we can see a 2% growth in global volumes compared to February 2020 but that does not tell the tale by any measure – the apparently modest global growth number is masking what lies underneath. Volumes from China to Europe, for example, were nearly 5 times higher in the four weeks of February 2021 than in the similar weeks of 2020. This was caused by the dramatic drop in volumes because of the of the factory closures a year ago in response to the COVID outbreak. Volumes from Europe were down by -11% for the same period.”

“Demand is increasing and there are a lot of passenger planes sitting around that could start flying cargo, but I don’t think that will happen proactively. Given the high financial risks, when it comes to adding capacity, airlines are more likely to follow the market as opposed to trying to stimulate it. But if it makes sense, they will surely fly those aircraft. Air cargo has been resilient and, bit-by-bit, has clawed back the losses we saw only a few months ago. In April 2020, volumes were down -39% but are now back to the pre-COVID level. Who would have that possible inside 10 months? It’s a recovery airline passenger departments will be dreaming of.”

According to TAC index, volume, capacity and load factors continue to reflect the high price of transporting shipments via air cargo at the moment.

Robert Frei, Business Development Director at the company commented: “Volatility remains high (also intra month) and, given the much higher pricing levels than a year ago, is having a major impact. Looking at PVG-EUR, for example, if you are 10% off with your procurement today (which would be RMB 3.20) compared to 2020 levels, it would have meant a deviation of 18%. This presents a very risky environment for freight forwarders and potentially an immediate loss of their gross margins of 8-10%. So up-to-date pricing information on a weekly basis is an absolute necessity to manage these volatile periods. We also assume the spread of spot rates is likely to remain high.”

The latest data from TAC Index shows that despite the ‘mundane’ monthly pricing average there is still quite a lot of volatility in the weekly rate levels.

Data shows that the Baltic Exchange Index was +2% over January which also took Chinese New Year into account which is normally considered peak season but looking more closely at the impact on the PVG – EUR compared to previous years, TAX index observed the following:

• 2019 – overall period +8%
• 2020 – overall period -4%
• 2021 – overall period -13%

February 2021 saw the highest drop in yield compared to that of the previous years during the period around Chinese New Year. In absolute terms this compares as shown below:

• 2019 – average RMB 20 /kg
• 2020 – average RMB 17.5 /kg = – 11% to previous year
• 2021 – average RMB 31 /kg = +79% to previous year or +63% higher than 2019

TAC Index added that interesting observations have made when comparing other international routes such as HKG – EUR which stayed relatively flat in terms of pricing levels whereas the PVG counterpart increased by +7%. Meanwhile, HKG – USA went up 2%, whilst PVG – EUR went down by -1%.

air freight

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Air Freight Industry

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, air freight has been one of the hardest hit industries in logistics.

Lockdown restrictions and travel bans have caused chaos internationally with many flights being grounded. On a normal day, air freight is responsible for the transit of trillions of dollars’ worth of shipments every year. Flying is one of the fastest methods of transport and is considered ideal for low volume, high-value items. With the industry currently at its knees, it has heavily disrupted global supply chains and production cycles for multiple countries. Other sectors of aviation including commercial and private air travel have also taken major setbacks with many airlines having to resort to mass redundancies of their employees.

 

The Pre-Pandemic Air Freight Industry

Before COVID-19, much of the worlds air cargo was carried via passenger aircraft. This was transported in the aircraft hold and made up 40% of annual global cargo. New generation, wide bodied aircraft are equipped with a generous belly hold capacity and are ideal to carry large quantities of cargo. A Boeing 777 passenger aircraft is able to carry as much as 20 tonnes and was frequently used to transport many shipments. Unfortunately, with only 20% of the world’s air traffic in operation at the moment, this has been significantly impacted.

Although freighter aircraft continue to operate by cargo operators and freight forwarders, many of these aircraft are hub focused and are not able to access the same extensive route network as commercial aircraft which is proving restrictive and taking away much of the convenience air freight has always promised.

 

Making Up the Shortfall

To ensure essential cargo continues to be transported, airlines have been utilising their main passenger cabins. The load sheet must be worked out precisely to ensure the weight and balance of the aircraft is not affected and is secured into passenger chairs with netting. It was widely publicised that emergency PPE for frontline healthcare workers was transported from China in this way.

At least 20 airlines have offered their aircraft for global cargo missions including British Airways, Delta and Cathay Pacific. The aircraft are chartered by freight forwarders and operated by the airline’s crew.

 

Low Fuel Prices Making up for Low Occupancy

Low fuel prices have eased the expense of low occupancy flights. This has been a saving grace to many airlines which has enabled them to continue flying to destinations they would otherwise have had to cancel. Aircraft manufacturers, Boeing and Airbus have also offered their freighter aircraft to transport critical supplies including 1.5 million facemasks.

Despite these creative solutions and work arounds, the industry is experiencing a major shortfall in the capacity it is able to transport and is majorly disrupting the transportation of essential goods such as medical supplies to virus epicentres.

Coordinating cargo supplies to demand is a time-consuming business that requires intense labour and negotiation from a lot of people. During the pandemic, this has been covered by governmental departments and national carriers and have usually been organised on an ad-hoc basis

 

Operational Obstacles

Before a shipment reaches its final destination, operators have to address certain challenges including airport curfews, border restrictions and flight time limitations. If the aircraft is permitted to land in a certain country, the crew can be subject to gruelling quarantine and testing regulations. This could see them spending up to two weeks in a hotel room upon arrival causing severe disruption to the operator. Without their crew they are without an aircraft prohibiting them from making other vital cargo journeys.

These issues are likely to cause pandemonium for the future of passenger air travel when lockdown restrictions lift. It is likely that these issues will still be in affect and will continue to prohibit many people getting to where they need to go.

 

Preventative Measures for the Industry

Aviation is an industry that relies on governments to work collectively and cohesively. When it comes to air freight, there needs to be more of a concerted effort made to remain consistent from one country to the other. The COVID-19 pandemic has taught us that new procedures are required to prepare ourselves for future crises. A framework must be developed for all countries to work from and ensure that the transportation of vital supplies is not severely disrupted regardless of the critical threat level of the world.

The development of this framework will involve analysis, risk assessments, training sessions and the re-writing of standard operating procedure.  For aviation in particular, more consideration needs to be given to air cargo and how we can keep operations going in the face of a crisis.  The air cargo industry has proved invaluable during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, more support needs to be given to be able to provide that invaluable service in the future.

Brexit-uk-ireland

Trade with the UK and Ireland takes a tumble as Brexit Bites Back

In a statement from the Irish government, it was reported that goods shipments in Ireland have halved in number with the UK and doubled with France in the first month of Brexit.

This shift in numbers highlights just one of the new issues that have arose from the new trade deal particularly with Britain’s so-called ‘land bridge.’ Hauliers now carrying EU shipments on British motorways are now facing lengthy delays due to the new bureaucracy imposed at the borders which is making the option of transporting via sea freight much more desirable despite the lengthy wait for the shipment to arrive.

 

Bureaucracy at the Border

According to the Irish Prime Minister, Micheál Martin, just 17,500 trucks (an average of 45 per ferry) arrived into Irish ports in January from Britain which is half of the figure that arrived in the previous year and just a fraction of the capacity of the Irish sea ferries which have the ability to carry at least 200 heavy goods vehicles.

Despite the exceptionally low flow of goods from Britain, hauliers were required to provide 760,000 import declarations, which averaged at around 43 per truck, to successfully gain entry into Ireland. The Prime Minister confirmed that these low volumes were as a result of, “Brexit stockpiling, COVID-19 restrictions, newly introduced checks and controls and the emergence of new direct services with additional capacity on European routes.”

Sea routes that bypass Britain have doubled in the last few weeks, particular the Ireland to France route which has seen triple the number of options available to hauliers. Drivers have been purchasing standby tickets in the hope they may find a last-minute space on these commonly full sailings.

 

COVID Testing Chaos

France is now requiring that drivers arriving on Irish ferries as well as from England should have a negative COVID test taken within the last 72 hours. In response to this, Ireland last week set up test centres enabling drivers to receive free antigen testing before boarding ferries. The two test centres were set up in Dublin and Rosslare and are already able to test up to 1500 drivers weekly.

 

Customs Clearance Catastrophe

As many as one in five lorries arriving into Ireland from Britain do not possess the required paperwork for customs, animal health, food safety or security. This is causing hours and even days of delays to vehicles before they are permitted to proceed into the country.

“The challenge the new checks due to Brexit create for traders is fully acknowledged,” the office said.

The same issue is arising for Irish drivers trying to access Europe via Britain. A protest was held at Dublin Port last week appealing to European Commission President, Ursula Von Leyen to appoint an EU trade trouble shooter at the major trade hub.

At present, Britain’s new customs regulations have been relaxed to ease companies into the processes. With issues already causing hassle, it is set to get worse when the new regulations come into full force in July.

“Exporters are being urged to prepare for these changes now,” said the Prime Minister’s office, noting that some Irish firms faced, “severe difficulty adapting to the new systems of control.”

The office recognised that companies were often let down by their clients or even customs agents but emphasised that, “It is absolutely necessary that everyone in the supply chain knows and understands their roles and responsibilities….. It is the responsibility of the importer or exporter or their agent to ensure the required information and channels of support are available to hauliers when goods are stopped.”

To mitigate delays, firms transporting goods from Ireland to Europe are now being advised to use direct sea links and cut out transportation through UK suppliers and distribution centres where possible. As a result of this, the number of crossings for direct EU routes had more than doubled to 62 weekly sailings including 36 with France.

These routes have gained in popularity for the sheer number of heavy goods vehicles it can carry (up to 10,000) with the added option of drivers being able to drop their shipments off on the ferry and have them picked up by another driver in Europe avoiding the need to complete the sea voyage or source a coronavirus test.

post-brexit-red-tape-for3e-trade

Post-Brexit Red Tape for EU Trade

Despite the lack of lorries at borders since the UK left the EU Single Market and Customs Union, various sources have highlighted significant disruption to goods being transported citing post-Brexit red tape as the cause. This is having a significant impact on the trading of goods with plant or animal origins.

The Scottish fishing industry have been struggling with confusion and uncertainty following the implementation of the deal agreed on Christmas Eve between the UK and EU governments. Some firms have seen major delays with some of their shipments being halted until 18th January due to issues with health checks, computer systems and customs paperwork which is leading to a big backlog as reported by the Guardian. As a result of this, many seafood shipments heading to France and Spain have been rejected because of the delay.

Due to backlog, the DFDS, the UK seafood industry’s largest logistics provider has suspended its groupage export service which allows exporters to group their shipments together in one consignment. This was decided only a week after the new trade deal was implemented. DFDS are expecting to resume deliveries next Monday but are warning that the service would be expected to take a lot longer than what it would before Brexit and is highlighting the importance of correct and accurate paperwork.

Other companies such as Danish ro-ro shipping and logistics operator have said that they endeavour to fix IT issues and provide more training to their staff to help customers complete the required customs paperwork and achieve a smoother process.

DB Schenker Faces Challenges

DB Schenker has highlighted the significant challenges it has faced relating to the introduction of the new customs formalities that now apply to shipments as a result of Brexit. Following the suit of many other providers, they have also placed a hold on all shipments being sent to the UK.

The provider has found that only 10% of customs documents submitted with shipments have been complete and free of errors. To try and manage this situation effectively the company have redeployed staff from their Brexit Task Force that was established over a year ago.

In a statement, they said: “DB Schenker expects shipping volumes to increase further in January. Logistics service providers can only process consignments quickly if the share of correct and complete customs documents also increases significantly. Both shipper and consignees need to ensure that compliant documents are provided.”

Cross border e-commerce trade expert, Hurricane Commerce warned that the struggles faced by UK businesses in the first few weeks of the new regulations being implemented are the “tip of the iceberg” and that severe challenges should be anticipated.

This comes as parcel carrier, DPD, was also forced to pause its road service from the UK to Ireland and Europe until the end of last week due to customs clearance issues with post-Brexit parcels.

Customs Clearance Staff Shortages

Another challenge that firms have desperately tried to mitigate before 31st December was the sourcing of a sufficient number of customs clerks to be trained up and ready before the implementation of the new trading regime. Speaking last Autumn, Barney Weston, managing director of Oceanic Resources International warned that serious shortage was unavoidable.

On the current situation, he said: “I think most (firms) managed to get the bulk of their teams in place before the end of the year, but training and ‘filling the gaps’ continues. In most cases a Customs and Compliance Manager/ Brexit Head is in place (in firms) giving the strategic lead on how to handle the UK’s new trading relationship.”

He went on to say: “I know that in many cases training and upskilling is on-going, and there is still high demand for people to fill customs clerk positions, but it’s hard to accurately quantify this in numbers. Certainly, anyone who has ever sniffed a customs clearance in their career history is still worth their weight in gold!”

“I think the whole industry will have a clearer picture on the situation by the end of the month; so much was unknown heading into Brexit. I think that shortly people will know if they can handle demand with the current staff levels or if more will be needed.”

“One positive; I spoke with a top 5 UK supermarket earlier this week who we have been assisting in building their customs teams, and so far, everything is working.”

 

British International Freight Association have confirmed that its freight forwarder members appear to be managing the challenges with a spokesperson for the association saying, “(Members) are learning the new systems as they go – (there were) hard lessons learnt but they are getting to grips with the situation in exceptionally difficult circumstances. BIFA has always said that the preparing and lodging of customs declarations was the relatively easy part of the new procedures, and the bigger issues would be with non-tariff matters such as safety and security entries and SPS controls. That has already been seen.”

BIFA director general, Robert Keen commented, “We receive calls asking technical questions on procedures but so far as we can gauge the members are very busy but coping.”

Another source close to BIFA said, “(Evidence) suggests that cross border trade last week was very quiet; probably because of pre 1st January stockpiling and companies waiting to see how things pan out. The people I have spoken to expect increased volumes this week, but nowhere near normal. So, we probably won’t get to see the true picture for some time. And who knows what the new normal will be?”

 

Hauliers wanted

Hauliers Warned of Tougher French Customs Controls

Since the UK’s departure from the Single Market and Custom’s Union, the predicted delays on Kent motorways have thankfully been avoided.

Unfortunately, this is set to change with haulage companies being advised to brace for tighter controls at French border control which could potentially see the first significant post-Brexit border disruption. The warnings were shared during two conference calls between British Industry bodies and UK government agencies on the 7th January.

Shane Brennan, CEO of logistics body The Cold Chain Foundation told the BBC that it could take months for the new trade agreements to settle in: “Trade levels are very low. It’s growing from 10% on the 1st January to not yet 50% of the traffic flows that we would normally expect and even at those levels we are experiencing high levels of confusion, delays, businesses….. not being turned back, but being told if they come back with the same level of preparedness next time they will be turned away. So the feeling is that we are building to quite a significant potential disruption.”

Reports suggest that cross-Channel HGV traffic through the Port of Dover and Eurotunnel have been significantly low over the past week and is most likely a result of supply chains stock piling items. Despite low traffic passing through, the Department of Transport advised that only 1% of lorries arrived with the correct paperwork with a further 3% being sent to Manston for testing as drivers arrived without having the necessary negative COVID test result. The Road Haulage Association advised that one in five lorries were being turned away citing both reasons with only 2000 lorries currently crossing the border compared with normal numbers of 5000-6000. Based on these reports, it is clear that the border has not been used at its normal capacity and will be scrutinised in the preceding months as to how it copes.

Failing to Prepare

Chief Economist for the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Supply, John Glen, told BBC news that he was hearing from customs clearance agents in Dover that there was a distinct lack of preparation from businesses and their custom brokers. Whilst he expects this to change over time, he is aware that the people involved are “worried that demand will increase faster than capacity does.”

Elsewhere, the BBC have been reporting disruption at the Irish border with Andrew Kinsella, managing director of Gwynned Shipping, advising them of a backlog of 60 lorries waiting to be shipped to Dublin. He explained that many hauliers are discovering that their customers are not able to generate the special declarations that are required for their goods to cross the border.

“Whilst you don’t see queues at ports and terminals the reality is that these queues are developing elsewhere in our depot at Holyhead, in our depot at Deeside and in our depot at Newport in South Wales and lots of hauliers have depots in the proximity of ports.”

“There are a lot of issues about demarcation about who is going to arrange the export declaration with the UK revenue authorities, who’s going to arrange the import declaration, the hauliers then trying to arrange the import safety and security declaration to create an ENS number which helps you generate a PBN number so there has been a lot of everyone finding their feet.”

Trade Barriers

UK retailers expressed concerns that the new UK-EU trade deal has created trade barriers that are believed to have had a direct impact on cross-Channel and FMCG logistics. Traders now believe that they will be required to pay tax on imports and exports of specific goods including food and clothing that are not completely made in Britain. With so much confusion over paperwork regarding this, some parcel companies have made the decision to suspend their road deliveries to Europe.

The UK-EU trade deal was billed as preserving its zero tariff and zero quota access to the bloc’s single market; however, some major retailers using the UK as a distribution hub for European businesses could face possible tariffs if they re-export to the EU. This could see businesses concentrating on time-consuming workarounds or relocating hubs to the EU.

The British Retail Consortium is seeking short term resolutions for the challenge’s businesses face and is seeking dialogue from the government and the EU to mitigate the long-term challenges new tariffs will pose.

A Perfect Storm of Brexit Disruption

Scottish seafood exporters have described their situation as a, “perfect storm” of Brexit disruption with their industry on the brink of sinking. Donna Fordyce, chief executive of Seafood Scotland speaks on the subject:

“These businesses are not transporting toilet rolls or widgets. They are exporting the highest quality, perishable seafood which has a finite window to get to markets in peak condition. If the window closes these consignments go to landfill.”

According to Fordyce, the sector had already experienced difficulties as a result of COVID-19 and the French border closing at Christmas as well as “layer upon layer” of problems associated with Brexit. Without exports it is feared that fishing fleets will have little reason to go out.

“In a very short time we could see the destruction of a centuries-old market which contributes significantly to the Scottish economy,” adds Ms Fordyce.

Parcel Traffic Affected

Elsewhere DPD, the parcel delivery service has told the BBC that it has suspended its European Road Service due to the “increased burden” of customs paperwork required to be completed on shipments for the EU including the Republic of Ireland. Increased paperwork has seen 20% of parcels identified as “incorrect or incomplete data attached” causing them to be returned.

In a communication with their customers, the business has spoken of a “challenging few days” for the international operation and is planning on restarting the service pending a review on 13th January.

low tariffs after brexit

Brexit and the Logistics Industry: Infiniti Research Outlines Key Challenges

Well known market intelligence company, Infiniti Research have announced completion of an article on their website outlining what they expect the key challenges of Brexit will be on the logistics industry.

The deadline for the UK and the EU to negotiate a trade agreement is set to end on the 31st December.  With the deadline a matter of weeks away, no deal has been struck and it is looking likely that the UK will no longer have access to the single market and customs union. Due to the high amount of cross-border movement within the sector, this will undoubtedly impact the logistics industry in a significant way.  According to Infiniti, Brexit is likely to have severe consequences to even the big logistics companies. One significant example of how troublesome Brexit is set to be is through the importation of Britain’s petroleum. At present, over 25% of this commodity passes through the EU before arriving in Britain. With no access to the single market and customs union, a tariff will be applied on this product as it leaves the EU and enters the UK. The extra expense will have consequences on Britain and the EU as those extra costs trickle through the markets.

 

Brexit and the Top Challenges

Infiniti’s article outlines the following as the logistics sector’s top challenges as the UK leave the single market:

Reduced Trade

In 2019, 43% of the UK’s exports went to the EU which equated to £294 billion whilst 53% of the UK’s imports were from the EU. With the UK set to not have access to the single market, a rise in tariffs will discourage trade between the EU and these numbers will inevitably decrease. With EU trade, making up such a large percentage of the UK’s total imports and exports, this will undoubtedly make a huge dent in the country’s GDP.

Border Control

As free movement between the UK and the EU ends, tighter border controls are set to be put into place creating barriers for trade on either side. The UK government has warned of a 6-month disruption period with the worst of it being during the first 3 months. This will mostly be down to additional checks being introduced and the expectation that at the beginning drivers will not have the correct licences and shipments will not be accompanied with the correct paperwork. In an attempt to mitigate these delays as best they can, HMRC have announced there will be a period of leniency for the first 6 months where the new procedures will be simplified. The disruption to the border is already having a knock-on effect on the logistics industry. With businesses predicting delays in supply chains, they have taken to stock piling essential goods. For UK logistic companies, delays in the border will mean a decline in efficiency and potential problems with administration if the correct paperwork and customs fees are not paid.

Migration Control

Another potential problem that Infiniti has outlined will be stricter controls on migration with particular emphasis on EU workers. With freedom of movement coming to an end, citizens of EU states will no longer have the right to work in the UK and will need to apply for the necessary work visas.  This will translate to less EU workers working for UK companies. Road haulage is set to be majorly impacted by this, as the sector relies on drivers belonging to other EU countries. Additionally, drivers with UK licences will be required to apply for an international driving permit to transport goods within EU states. These permits will need to be issued for every journey that is made and they are capped in amount. This alone will significantly import the number of times UK drivers will be able to transport goods. Drivers with EU licences will be able to continue to use their licences in the UK but only for a temporary period.

Increase in Operating Costs

With no trade agreement in place with the EU, the cost to import fuel into the UK will rise which will impact on the price consumers pay at petrol stations. This along with added tariffs and duty payments that will need to be handled, managing shipments is going to become considerably more expensive than it was whilst the UK was in the single market.

 

Prepare for the Worst

Due to lack of direction from the government and the ongoing issue of the COVID-19 pandemic, logistics companies have been slow to prepare for the looming deadline of 31st December.  Businesses are being urged by experts to not, “sit on their hands and hope for the best,” and to instead do the research themselves to ensure that they know what is expected of them. Holding out for a trade deal at this late stage is wishful thinking and will be detrimental to businesses going forward. The UK government are urging companies and their affiliates to start preparing for the new legislation, understand what is required of them and to ensure that their associates are updated.

Advice on Exporting your Car from the UK

For some, exporting their car from the UK can seem like a daunting task that can potentially put people off the process. Deciding on how long your car will remain outside of the UK will determine the documentation that you use as well as the declarations you make to the UK and overseas customs officials. The following information covers the most common eventualities of exporting your car from the UK and advice on completing this process.

Permanent Export

If you are planning on exporting your vehicle from the UK permanently you must inform the DVLA. If you are the registered keeper of the vehicle, this can be done by completing section C of the V5 Registration Document that accompanies your car. Once this is received, the DVLA will send you the Certificate of Intended Export (V561) as a confirmation of your car’s registration. Alternatively, if you have a Registration Certificate (V5C) this can be done by completing and sending the purple section of the document (V5C/4). It is important that you have your Registration Certificate with you when you arrive at your final destination so that you can present it to the relevant authority when the vehicle is eventually registered abroad. If you require any further information, this can be found by contacting us or by logging onto the GOV.UK website.

Temporary Export

If you plan on taking your car out of the UK for less than 12 months you must ensure that you take either your V5 registration document or V5C registration certificate with you. If you have lost your copy, you must inform the DVLA by completing a V62 form. It is important that you apply for this document well in advance of your departure, as your replacement Registration Certificate may take up to 14 working days to arrive and even longer if you are not the registered keeper. Please ensure that you have sent the correct fee for this service and have met domestic and international requirements relating to licensing and taxation of the vehicle.

If you are taking your car out of the UK for a limited time only, you may wish to apply for a Carnet de Passage to avoid paying a deposit to customs officials at your final destination. If you intend to obtain one of these you are advised to apply for it in advance of travelling as it can take well over a month for the process to be finalised.

If you are using a freight forwarder or logistics company, you can normally ship your vehicle without the need of a certificate; however, having this in your possession will significantly reduce your chance of delays at the UK border.

Essential Tips

Besides notifying the DVLA, there are some additional tasks that will be beneficial to complete prior to your departure. These are listed below:

• Documentation – Besides the V5/V5C document mentioned previously, you are advised to carry your valid driving licence, a form of photo ID and the vehicle identification number.

• Keys – Ensure that you carry your extra set of keys for the vehicle.

• Fuel Tank – Fill the fuel tank to at least a quarter full.

• Antifreeze – Due to the potential harsh conditions that your vehicle may be exposed to during transit, it is advised to apply antifreeze and, in some situations, rust protection.

• Vehicle Condition – Thoroughly clean the vehicle inside and out in preparation for checks that will be made on the car. Ensure that the car is in good working order unless otherwise specified.

• Personal Items – Make a list of all personal items left in the car to check off when you reach your final destination.

• Additional Preparation – Disable security systems, remove GPS, stereos or any other portable equipment, remove antennae and fold wing mirrors back.

Vehicle History

If you are not in possession of a valid export certificate, customs officials may check if your car has any outstanding finance payments left on it. This is particularly common with new or high value cars. If they discover that it does, they may not grant you permission to cross the UK border without written permission from the finance company. Checking this information before you travel will significantly reduce delays at the port.

International Duty and Tax Requirements

A good freight forwarder will be able to ship your vehicle to anywhere in the world; however, you may be liable to pay import taxes and fees when it arrives. Whilst most freight forwarders can assist you with this, it is your responsibility as the owner to adhere to any import requirements and regulations that the country you’re travelling to requires. Failure to do so may result in expensive fees, delays and potentially the confiscation of your vehicle so it is important to check this before you depart.

export

Top Five Tips for First Time Exporting

Thousands of businesses are avoiding international expansion despite the enticing overseas markets that exist for their products. Take the first step to global success, by following our top tips for first time exporting for small businesses.

The Success of the Small Business on an International Level

An increasing number of start-ups and small businesses are including international sales as part of their business strategy. With the surge in popularity, more and more first-time exporters are entering the markets. Around 10 percent of all UK SMEs are exporters and are currently capitalising on a share of the £287,000 in additional revenue that these orders can deliver. In fact, according to UK Export Finance, firms that traded internationally in the last 2 years have grown at a rate of 15% compared to just 8.4% for those focusing solely on domestic markets.

For those businesses looking to take the plunge, get ahead of your competitors today and read on for our top five tips for first time exporting.

1. Identify Profitable Markets

If your company is yet to receive their first international order, conducting market research is imperative. If done effectively, your research will set you up with a foundation in market demand, growth opportunities and an understanding of your competition which could save you millions in the long run. If companies do not invest the time in market research, important cultural, competitor and pricing factors can be missed and the opportunity for profit can be seriously impacted.

2. Market Regulations

Regulations relating to safety, production and quality control differ within markets, particularly in the pharmaceutical and food production industries. The slightest variation could require large, expensive changes in production. Understanding the regulations from the outset will give businesses a good idea of their target audience without making costly mistakes in the process. This level of detail extends to companies who deal with consumer’s personal data. The introduction of privacy laws in Europe and US states like California hold companies to strict guidelines with hefty fines for non-compliance.

3. The Logistics

Facilitating orders on an international scale is vastly different to operating at a domestic level. Whilst globalisation has made this significantly easier in recent years, small firms are still required to go through certain changes when operating internationally for the first time. Fluctuating shipping costs, delays and lost cargo all need to be taken into consideration. It was only a few months ago that COVID-19 single handedly brought markets to its knees with some not expected to bounce back for years.

Once logistics such as potential warehousing is arranged, there’s the small matter of customs paperwork to complete which, as the Brexit process has shown, can be complex and costly, particularly when dealing with large shipments. With this in mind, it is vital that companies instruct the assistance of reputable shipping comp

4. Navigating the Shift in Currency Value

Managing a vast number of currencies whilst selling internationally can be an issue for first time and novice exporters; however, all is not lost! Unlike multi-national organisations who hire currency traders, small businesses can follow simple steps to stay on top of the shift in currency values and protect price and profit margins.

Trading in your local currency, can prevent big headaches for companies and transfers the risk of shifting currency values over to the buyer. If this is not possible and the buyer insists on their own currency, it may be wise to lock in exchange rates in advance. It is highly unlikely that as a small firm, you are going to have the cash reserves to account for negative movements in foreign exchange but this option can mitigate daily fluctuations in currency values.

For a beginner, it is important not to try and play the market. Focusing on your product, your customers, adhering to international regulations and securing those first international orders are going to put you in a much better position.

5. Understanding Tariffs

Another issue that has been highlighted by the Brexit negotiations is the potential for new tariffs and regulations to be imposed on goods after the new trade deal is agreed. The introduction of these could seriously impact the importation of certain goods in favour of supporting local business as well as decreasing your profit margins and limiting long term sales volumes. Researching where free trade agreements exist can create a competitive edge to your business. If you really want to get ahead, sourcing where new free trade agreements are likely to be introduced and investing in those locations will ensure that you are one of the first to break into new markets when they arise. This requires a certain amount of discretion on the company’s part as potential trade disputes such as the one we are currently seeing between the United States and China can create serious losses if overlooked.

Is your Company Ready to Export?

One of the primary reasons that small businesses do not venture into international markets is down to a lack of resources and expertise. According to the Department of International Trade, companies with a turnover under £500,000 were unlikely to look into exporting globally despite 73% believing that there was a strong demand for British products and services. A quarter of these businesses added that they wouldn’t know who to turn to when looking for advice. As daunting a task as it may be for businesses, the insight and the advice is out there, whether it be sourced through an external agency or researched by the company themselves, now is as good a time as ever to break through into the global markets.

HMRC

UK Tariff Changes announced from 1st January 2021

From 1 January 2021, the UK will apply a UK-specific tariff to imported goods.

This UK Global Tariff (UKGT) will replace the EU’s Common External Tariff, which applies until 31 December 2020.

The new tariff is tailored to the needs of the UK economy. It will support the economy by making it easier and cheaper for businesses to import goods from overseas. It is a simpler, easier to use and lower tariff regime than the EU’s Common External Tariff (EU CET) and will be in pounds (£), not euros.

The UKGT also expands tariff free trade by eliminating tariffs on a wide range of products. The UKGT ensures that 60% of trade will come into the UK tariff free on WTO terms or through existing preferential access from January 2021, and successful FTA negotiations will increase this.

This will lower costs for businesses, ensuring they can compete on fair terms with the rest of the world, as well as keeping prices down and increasing choice for consumers.

The Government is maintaining tariffs on a number of products backing UK industries such as agriculture, automotive and fishing. This will help to support businesses in every region and nation of the UK to thrive. Some tariffs are also being maintained to support imports from the world’s poorest countries that benefit from preferential access to the UK market.

The UKGT was designed following widespread engagement with businesses across the UK. As it will come into force on 1 January 2021, it’s important that businesses can familiarise themselves with the new tariff regime ahead of this date.

The Government are backing UK industry by:

Maintaining tariffs on agricultural products such as lamb, beef, and poultry.
Maintaining a 10% tariff on cars.
Maintaining tariffs for the vast majority of ceramic products.
Removing tariffs on £30 billion worth of imports entering UK supply chains. 0% tariffs on products used in UK production, including copper alloy tubes (down from 5.2%) and screws and bolts (down from 3.7%).

UK consumers will also benefit from more choice and lower costs on numerous goods thanks to zero tariffs. These include, for example:

Dishwashers (down from 2.7%).
Freezers (down from 2.5%).
Sanitary products and tampons (down from 6.3%).
Paints (down from 6.5%) and screwdrivers (down from 2.7%).
Mirrors (down from 4%).
Scissors and garden shears (down from 4.7%).
Padlocks (down from 2.7%).
Cooking products such as baking powder (down from 6.1%), yeast (down from 12%), bay leaves (down from 7%), ground thyme (down from 8.5%) and cocoa powder (down from 8%).
Christmas trees (down from 2.5%).

The Government will promote a sustainable economy by cutting tariffs on over 100 products to back renewable energy, energy efficiency, carbon capture, and the circular economy. The following are all dropping to zero tariffs:

Thermostats (down from 2.1%).
Vacuum flasks (down from 6.7%).
LED lamps (down from 3.7%).
Bike inner tubes (down from 4%).

Almost all pharmaceuticals and most medical devices (including ventilators) are tariff free in the UKGT. However, some products used to fight COVID-19 maintain a tariff. To ensure those working on the frontline can access vital equipment easily, the UK has introduced a temporary zero tariff rate on these products. This relief waives the tariff and VAT for personal protective equipment (PPE), medical devices, disinfectant and medical supplies from non-EU countries.

The UKGT will apply to all goods imported into the UK unless:

An exception applies, such as a relief or tariff suspension
The goods come from countries that are part of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences
The country you’re importing from has a trade agreement with the UK

It only shows the tariffs that will be applied to goods at the border when they’re imported into the UK.

It does not cover:

Other import duties, such as VAT
The precise details of trade remedies measures
Other restrictions on imports, such as anti-dumping, countervailing or safeguards

Goods covered by a tariff-rate quota:

Some products are covered by a tariff-rate quota. This allows a limited amount of a product to be imported at a zero or lower tariff rate.

The limit may be expressed in units of:

weight
volume
quantity
value

If this limit is exceeded, a higher tariff rate applies.

If there is a tariff-rate quota on your product, you can apply to import a limited amount at a reduced rate of customs duty.

Some tariff-rate quotas are only applicable to products imported from a specified country.

Please follow the below link to check the tariffs that will apply to goods you import from 1 January 2021.

https://www.gov.uk/check-tariffs-1-january-2021

If you need any help or support please contact us.